Beyond question stems: Best Practices for Critical Thinking in the 21st Century Classroom South Mebane Elementary September 19, 2012 by Jennifer Jones by Jennifer Jones helloliteracy.blogspot.com helloliteracy.blogspot.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
Virtual Annotation (aka Parking Lot) www.todaysmeet.com/smeseptember19
Setting The stage for thinking deeply & critically flickr by roujo
Strategy #2 Describe Guided Reading as a Session Rather than a Lesson • Teacher support enables students to problem-solve, connect and discover • Session is conversational in format • (K-2)Students read a lot (2-5) Students talk a lot
Strategy #15 Engage All Students, Regardless of Instructional Reading Level, in Thinking Deeply About Story •Beyond a series of questions •Beyond “Today I want you to make a prediction.” •Beyond story retelling •Beyond details of the reading process but active in all of it •Meaning at the text level
The Language of Teaching Comprehension Instruction Deeply Little Questions What houses did each pig build? Big Questions How are the pigs’ houses different? Why did the writer have the third pig build the brick house instead of the second pig? Why did the wolf say the same thing at each house? What did the wolf say before he blew down the houses? What happens at the beginning, middle and end of the story? What did the pigs learn from their experience?
A Where is Your Level of Thinking? Are Your Kids There?
Lower vs. Higher Level Thinking the answer is already known
First We must be Critical Thinkers… Form an opinion and justify it! Image: http://www.1vigor.com/brain-power/Clear-Thinking/index.html
Justifying my answers Build Community
Justifying Scientific Claims Build trust
Science Notebooks… …increase CRITICAL THINKING because students reflect on their learning and their thinking.
Justifying in math www.k-5mathteachingresources.com
4th Grade Sample Items National Assessments http://www.k12.wa.us/SMARTER/Resources.aspx
Daily Analogies Analogy Poster “Mrs. Jones, this is hard!” “Mrs. Jones, this is hard!” “I don’t know.” “I don’t know.”
Schoolwide Vocabulary instruction Tier 2 & Tier 3 Words
Creating a Sense of Urgency & the Relationship between Words & Learning
Making Inferences with… Picture of the Day
Problem-Solvers in a Student Centered Classroom Problem Solving Framework
…before We can be Critical Readers. First We must be Critical Thinkers… You don’t have to believe You don’t have to believe everything you read in a book, you everything you read in a book, you have the right to question it and have the right to question it and judge for the reasons for yourself. judge for the reasons for yourself. Image: 10englishcm.wikispaces.com
Literary Text Or Informational Text So What?
Critical Reading… …is a way of looking at a book and analyzing what the author is saying and the methods the author [and illustrator] are using to communicate a message or idea. Your analysis is complete when you have formed your own interpretations of the author’s intentions.
Accountable Talk So What? Images: www.julieballew.com
Critical Read-Aloud Think-Aloud
Character Analysis With Evidence Images: www.julieballew.com
EvaluatingAuthor’s Reasons & Word Choice Text Level 3/4 Text Level 4th/5th